Sexual violence covers a broad spectrum of callous offences counting to rapes, sexual assaults, genital mutilations and forced marriages inclusive of marital rapes. Women for centuries have been more vulnerable to fall victims of sexual crimes which tragically gets enhanced at times of conflicts.
There have been records of several instances of inhuman CRSV throughout the world which primarily include the middle eastern countries of Asia. Though the exact number of women suffering from this atrocious act still remains unknown, a 2015 report commissioned by the UN Security Council claims to enlist 19 countries (predominantly Africa and the Middle East of Asia) where CRSV is emerging as a significant concern. This includes brutal sex violence and gang rapes commited over thousands of women in South Sudan adding to sexual slavery in the states of Syria and Iraq with another instance of a massive report of CRSV recording back to the 1990s’ during the genocide in Rawanda and Bosnia resulting in the miseries of ten thousands of women.
While concerning the prevalence of CRSV rates on cross-national grounds, the range widely varies from 21.4% to 83%. The dramatic heterogeneous nature of the range might be a product of inconvenience in data collection or the social stigma, shame, fear associated with the subject.
While concerning India, the nation doesn’t remain free from these inhuman occurings. The influence of CRSV is majorly visible in the “states of exception” including the areas within the federal state of Jammu and Kashmir, North Eastern states counting Manipur, Nagaland, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, and Tripura also adding to states like West Bengal, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa.
While addressing to the North Eastern parts of India, Uma Chakravarti argued on the widespread of sex violence. In the year 1984, a Naga Women Association (NMA) was formed which actively negotiated with the government on issues concerning women security. In 2004, a naked body of a 32 year old woman was found abandoned with signs of brutal sexual assault who was arrested the previous day by a security person posted in Imphal, Manipur. Adding to the mentioned, a number of deaths due to rapes and sexual assaults have been registered in Assam due to the community conflicts between the tribes of the state.
Regardless of the consideration of community and family pride associated with women, the instances of sexual violence on women show no downslope. In parts of India like Bihar, Odisha and Andra Pradesh many instances of sexual violence on women due to inter-family conflicts have also been registered. Sexual violence have devastating psychological impacts on the victims which also considerably add to the increasing suicide rates in the country. In most instances the victims remain silent due to several social reasons which also remain a major reason for which the culprits remain unpunished.
It is not required to be mentioned that such a shameful course is agaisnt all morals and shouldn’t be neglected by the masses. Sexual violence is an indelible stain on humanity which critically needs to be contained. The awareness on this topic now becomes a must while strict laws are to be passed and implemented nationwide.